How Does the Western Diet Increase the Risk for Cancer
The Western diet, characterized by its high intake of processed foods, red and processed meats, sugary drinks, and low intake of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, has been associated with an increased risk of cancer. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain how the Western diet may contribute to cancer risk:
High Caloric Intake: The Western diet is often high in calories and low in nutrients. Excess calorie consumption can lead to obesity, which is a well-established risk factor for various types of cancer, including breast, colorectal, and endometrial cancer.
Carcinogenic Compounds: Processed and red meats often contain compounds like heterocyclic amines (HCAs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) formed during cooking, which are known carcinogens. Additionally, processed meats may contain nitrates and nitrites, which can form nitrosamines, another group of carcinogens.
Inflammation: The Western diet, which is typically high in saturated fats and low in anti-inflammatory compounds found in fruits and vegetables, can promote chronic inflammation. Chronic inflammation is a key factor in cancer development and progression.
Altered Gut Microbiota: The Western diet can negatively impact the gut microbiota composition, leading to an imbalance in the types of bacteria present. This dysbiosis can affect various metabolic and immune functions, potentially contributing to cancer risk.
Low Fiber Intake: A diet low in fiber from fruits, vegetables, and whole grains may result in constipation and prolonged exposure of the colon to potential carcinogens, increasing the risk of colorectal cancer.
Antioxidant Deficiency: Fruits and vegetables are rich in antioxidants, which help protect cells from DNA damage caused by oxidative stress. A diet low in these foods may lead to an increased risk of cancer.
Hormone Disruption: Some chemicals found in processed foods and food packaging, such as endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), can interfere with the body’s hormonal balance and have been associated with an increased risk of hormone-related cancers like breast and prostate cancer.
By achieving good overall health, proper nutrition can help reduce the risk of cancer, keep you healthier during treatment, and combat side effects and illness. Andrea will work together with you to optimize your nutrition, improve your energy levels, and ultimately improve your immune system and the health of your gut microbiome. You will meet with Andrea through ZOOM for an initial consultation and assessment (one hour). She will then create your individualized nutrition plan and schedule a follow-up ZOOM session/discussion to go over any questions/concerns that you may have.
- Determining your individual nutrition needs
- Identifying deficits and suggesting supplements
- Evaluating your current eating plan
- Education about label reading, nutrients, and quality of food
- Meal planning and prep